Cappadocia is a town located in the area of Nevşehir. This area also includes touristic areas such as Ürgüp, Göreme, Uçhisar, and Avanos. Many tourists this part of Turkey every year, you may have even seen a picture of the hot air balloon-filled skies. Nevşehir is famous for its distinctive magnificent natural, caves, fairy chimneys, and underground cities. Throughout history, people have carved houses and churches into the rocks.
Cappadocia has been home to civilisation for thousands of years, thus is steeped in historical sites. If you decided to venture to this part of Turkey, I would recommend visiting the Zelve Valley, Derinkuyu, Ürgüp-Göreme, Ihlara Valley, Avanos, Üzümlü Church-Aziz Theodoros Trion Church (the 19th century) Uçhisar Castle.
The reason behind the rock formations found in Cappadocia is that thousands of years ago the Hasan volcano and now know as Erciyes mount, expelled a large amount of ash which then set into a soft rock called ‘Tuff’. This rock is extremely soft and made it easy to carve by hand. The erosion of this soft rock also creates the famous ‘fairy chimneys’ that we can see today. I recommend that also visit Avanos as ‘stoneware art’ is a very important job in this area. For example, you can experience making your own stoneware pots. I suggest going to Cappadocia on a sunny spring day. As sightseeing in the rain isn’t very pleasant and in the summer, people can find it too hot.
Cappadocia is also famous for its wine, so you’ll be able to see (and taste) a lot of wine from local vineyards and wineries. I was very impressed when I went to Derinkuyu, which is an underground city. It was a bit difficult to climb down 50 meters (8 layers down) because of its narrow tunnels so please reconsider this tour if you are claustrophobic. However, it is an amazing experience.
As mentioned earlier, Cappadocia is world-renowned for its hot air balloons, although to find a low-priced balloon tour, you will have to book them in advance. But again, it is well worth doing this as it is a once in a lifetime experience. While in this area must try characteristic Anatolian handmade meals such as warm baklava obviously accompanied by the local wine.
You will see many souvenir stalls in Cappadocia selling a wide range of gifts and items; however, the souvenirs that I recommend buying are the; stoneware pots, fairy chimney sculpture, engraving sculptures, flying balloon figures, and traditional clothes. Surprisingly you can visit all these places in one day if you start your tour early in the morning, however, remember to choose casual clothes. If you are looking to stay overnight, I suggest looking for a place in the centre of Nevşehir because it is nearer to Cappadocia, cheaper and more central.
Enjoy your trip!
This article and images were provided by Serpil Yurdagül:
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